In simple words, the tooth which gets trapped under the gum surface is referred to as impacted tooth and the most common ones are the impacted wisdom teeth which are experienced by teenagers. The teeth erupt from under the gums by breaking through them. Occasionally, they are unable to do so which leaves the erupting tooth embedded under the gums which is known as the impacted tooth.
Causes of Impacted Tooth
A tooth becomes impacted when it is prevented from completely emerging out of the gums. This may be caused by the angulation of the erupting tooth or due to insufficient space for the new tooth to emerge.
Understanding the Impacted Tooth dangers
Initially, you will not experience any pain until the teeth makes attempts to emerge from the gum surface; this is when the gums, jaws, or even your face becomes swollen and sore. The impacted tooth’s movement will worsen the problem as adjacent teeth will experience pressure eventually resulting in jaw misalignment, bite, and jaw troubles. The chances of getting bacterial infections and tooth/gum decay increases due to irritation of gums and surrounding teeth. There are possibilities for the impacted tooth to also be infected. If left untreated, dental infections spread to throat or neck which is undoubtedly a severe health hazard.
Most commonly impacted teeth
Here are few commonly impacted teeth:
Mandibular 3rd Molar,
Maxillary 3rd Molar,
Maxillary Central Incisor,
and Maxillary Lateral Incisor.
Impacted Teeth – Types and Symptoms
Impacted teeth can be of four types – horizontal, vertical, angular, and partial eruption. Sore and swollen gums are the first signs of impacted teeth; this may be followed by difficulty or pain in moving jaw, pain in opening mouth, chewing, and biting. The bacterial growth may also lead to sour taste and bad odor. Remember, these symptoms will not be continuous yet it is advisable to contact a reliable oral surgeon if you mildly experience any of these.
Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention
The normal visual examination is usually sufficient to diagnose impacted tooth while x-ray scan is additionally required in some cases for understanding the exact position of teeth. The spread of infection can be possibly prevented by constantly flossing and cleaning the affected areas but nothing can be done about altering the growth direction of the impacted teeth. Thus, professional support and dental care are the ideal choice for addressing impacted teeth problems. Your dentist may refer to oral surgeons and extraction of the impacted teeth will be apt treatment. In total, two hours for teeth pulling process and a week for complete recovery.
In the worst case, you can pick over-the-counter antiseptics (oral) and pain relievers which will combine to reduce pain and risks of contracting infections before you meet your dentist. Rinsing with warm water plus salt is the handy way of mitigating the oral infections.
Now that all the details associated with impacted teeth were discussed, it is to be kept in mind that they are best treated in the initial stages when the pain and infection is minimal or nil. But if impacted teeth problems are left untreated then they lead to nasty oral ailments and cause health hazards. Not to worry, as treating impacted teeth is simple and quick. Though the oral surgeon can treat impacted teeth like a waltz, dentists can identify it beforehand which will help you in removing the tooth/teeth with potential impaction prior to any serious problems.